by Pat Shannon [ LORAN proves Flat Earth ]
LORAN, which is an acronym for Long Range Navigation,
was a radio navigation system developed in the
The Encyclopedia Britannica gives a succinct description of LORAN:
"Loran, the abbreviation of long-range navigation, the land-based system of radio navigation, first developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology during World War II for military ships and aircraft located within 600 miles (about 970 km) of the American coast. In the 1950s a more accurate (within 0.3 mile [0.5 km]), longer-range system (over 2,000 miles [3,200 km]), known as Loran-C, operating in the 90–110 kilohertz range, was developed for civilian use, and the original loran (renamed Loran-A) was phased out."
LORAN-C was terminated as a service in the
What is notable is that the system required that the radio signal be sent straight out to sea to ships on the water. There could be no bouncing of the signals. The system required that the ships receive at least two intersecting radio signals from two different towers to obtain a single line of position. The ship then needed to receive two separate signals from two other towers to obtain a second line of position. Where those two lines of position intersect would give the ship a fix on its position at sea by comparing the shipboard LORAN instrument reading to shipboard LORAN charts.
The LORAN-C system had the capacity to send signals
more than 2,000 miles out to sea. Assuming that the towers are 1,365 feet above
sea level, if the earth were a globe, there would be a 115-mile hump of water
blocking the LORAN-C radio signals. Indeed, if the earth were a globe, the
LORAN-C system would only be able to send radio signals 45 miles out to sea,
before having the signals blocked by the earth’s curvature. And that is
assuming that the signals are being sent out from the tallest tower in the
Ships navigated across the vast oceans for more than 60 years in reliance on the LORAN radio signals. The LORAN system worked. It could not work if the earth were a globe. It could only work on a flat earth. The effectiveness of the LORAN radio navigation system is proof that the earth is flat.
Loran, Radio Navigation, last updated on March 22,
Loran-c General Information, U.S. Coast Guard, https://www.navcen.
Christopher Lagen, VIDEO:
Demolition of America’s largest
In response, the
Project 3 team told the Army Air Force to adopt Gee, and realigned their own
efforts to provide long-range navigation on the oceans. This led to US Navy interest, and a
series of experiments quickly demonstrated that systems using the basic Gee
concept but operating at a much lower frequency around 2 MHz would offer
reasonable accuracy on the order of a few miles over distances on the order of
1,250 miles (2,010 km), at least at night when signals of this
frequency range were able to skip off the ionosphere.
Rapid development followed, and a system covering the western